Local Use Vehicle Demonstration Project

The South Bay Cities Council of Governments received a grant from the South Coast Air Quality Management District (AQMD) to demonstrate how Local Use Vehicles (LUVs) can be used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, and gasoline consumption.

The final report on this research and demonstration project can be found at CLICK HERE.  The preliminary report on the demonstration project is now available.  Click here for your copy of Neighborhood Electric Vehicles in Mature Suburbs:  Demonstration and Preliminary Evaluation.

The LUV Project tested the effectiveness of using 100% electric, zero emission local use vehicles (LUV) that are small, short range and low speed for taking ‘local’ trips around South Bay neighborhoods. Many of the trips taken by South Bay residents and businesses today are less than 3 miles and are typically driven in long range, full size, full speed vehicles powered by the internal combustion engine.

The LUV project demonstrated the benefits of using vehicle technology appropriate to the characteristics of most trips taken in the South Bay. Benefits include reductions of:

  • pollutants and carbon emissions per mile
  • emissions from cold starts
  • fuel costs
  • total gasoline consumption per household
  • overall congestion


LUVs are limited to 25 MPH and can be driven legally only on streets with a posted speed limit of 35 MPH or less. They may cross streets with higher speed limits at signalized intersections. Maximum distance between charges averages around 30 miles.  Maps of LUV legal streets can be found at the LUV Resources section.

In the LUV program, Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs), a type of Local Use Vehicle were loaned to community members to test  in a variety of applications.  Over the 30 month demonstration project 7 NEVs were loaned to 51 households for 1-6 months at a time before rotating the vehicles to new households.

To learn more about these vehicles please contact the manufacturers directly:


There are rebates and tax credits for LUV vehicles.  For further information go to: http://www.driveclean.ca.gov/Calculate_Savings/Incentives.php

       Funded by the South Coast Air Quality Management District